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Analysis to World-class Universities and Research Institutions Evaluation Results in 2010(2)
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Author:louwen Source:pjw Pubtime:2011-10-27 22:27 Click:

 

Table 2 Top 10 Countries/Regions on Overall Research Competitiveness of (2010)
Rank
Country/
 Region
Published
Papers Score
Total Cited
Times Score
Highly Cited
Papers Score
Hot Papers
Score
Patents
Score
Highly Cited
Ratio Score
Total
Score
USA
100.00
100。00
100。00
100。00
100.00
100.00
100.00
2
UK
48.25
44。07
43。92
45。93
28.20
91。03
71.74
3
Japan
49.58
39。16
29。46
28.05
76.65
59.43
67.04
4
Germany
43.95
38.33
35.10
33.19
29.83
79.85
66。75
5
Canada
35.82
31.20
27.53
33。36
22。80
76.86
62。31
6
Italy
35.00
28。44
24。44
25。20
16.65
69.83
59.51
7
China
39.77
21.96
21.33
22.52
65.46
53.64
59。33
8
France
31.59
25.78
22.97
27.94
32.01
72。69
59.21
9
Sweden
24。82
22.68
19.87
21.18
8.96
80.08
57.36
10
Netherlands
25.68
23.60
19.26
23.78
10。76
75。00
56.74
23
China-hk
15.52
11.46
11.76
7.63
15.73
75.81
51.90
24
Singapore
12.36
8.67
9.43
9.95
11.15
76.31
51.08
28
China-tw
22.47
13.89
11.64
8.01
35.59
51.82
48.76
From Table 3, it can be seen that 74% of the top 100 (the world’s top universities), 68% of the top 200 and 64% of the top 300 (the high level and famous universities) are from the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, or Canada. There is a large gap between China Mainland and some developed countries, i.e., USA, UK, and Japan on the scores of each indicator. Peking University is the only one Chinese Mainland university among the top 100. There are 4 China Mainland universities in top 200, which are Peking University (100), Tsinghua University (109) and Zhejiang University (110) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (158). 7 China Mainland universities rank among the top 300. 28 China Mainland universities are ranked among the top 600. Most universities of China rank after 1000th。 In terms of the overall scientific research strength, China is around or below average level in the world (Qiu, J., Yang, R., et al.,2009).
 
Table 3 Country/Region Distribution of Word-class Universities (2010)
Country/
Region
Top 100
Top 200
Top 300
Top 400
Top 500
Top 600
Num.
P.C.(%)
Num。
P.C. (%)
Num.
P。C。 (%)
Num。
P。C。 (%)
Num。
P.C. (%)
Num.
P.C. (%)
USA
51
51。00
84
42.00
106
35。33
131
32.75
156
31。20
174
29.00
UK
9
9。00
17
8.50
27
9.00
34
8。50
36
7。20
45
7.50
Japan
6
6.00
9
4.50
15
5.00
20
5.00
31
6.20
42
7。00
Germany
3
3.00
16
8.00
28
9.33
37
9.25
43
8.60
45
7。50
Canada
5
5.00
10
5.00
16
5.33
20
5.00
22
4.40
23
3.83
Italy
2
2。00
7
3.50
11
3.67
17
4.25
24
4。80
30
5。00
China
1
1.00
4
2.00
7
2.33
15
3.75
21
4.20
28
4.67
France
1
1.00
4
2.00
11
3.67
14
3.50
17
3.40
22
3.67
Sweden
2
2.00
6
3.00
8
2.67
12
3.00
12
2.40
12
2。00
Netherlands
5
5。00
6
3.00
10
3。33
12
3.00
12
2.40
12
2.00
 
(3) Quantity and quality of papers need improvement in China
China Mainland universities have published a great quantity of papers. The score of papers of China Mainland ranks 5th, the score of highly cited papers ranks 8th, and the score of hot papers ranks 9th in the ESI rankings. But the score of ratio of highly cited papers ranks 44th. The low ratio of highly cited papers of China Mainland universities reveals their comparatively poor influence of academic products over the world。 Besides, the quality of papers also needs to be improved.
(4) Great gap on research innovation between China and the top countries in the world
Only 11% of all granted patents are invention-type patents for China universities. But the proportion of invention-type patents in other top countries (or regions) is close to 90% (State Intellectual Property Office, 2010). As can be seen from Table 2, China’s patent applications rank 3rd in the world but the quantity of it is only one-third of the United States. China ranks at 9th on the score of hot papers. There are only a few innovation results in China. It requires long-term efforts to reach the goal of innovative universities (Qiu, J., Yang, R., et al., 2009).
(5) Disciplines of universities in China need to be highly strengthened
The number of universities with disciplines included in the ESI ranking rises continuously from 2007. Table 4 shows part of the Disciplines Competitiveness Ranking of World-class Universities and Institutions.China Mainland universities are still weak on the discipline construction。 On some disciplines, there is none China Mainland university or research institutionhas been among the ESI rankings, i。e。 Economics & Business, Immunology and Psychiatry/Psychology。 It reveals poor strength of China Mainland universities and research institutions on these disciplines。 Though there are quite a few of disciplines of China Mainland universities are among the ESI rankings, the rankings are still lean。 Chinese Academy of Sciences has much stronger research strength than any other China Mainland universities and research institutions。 It has a total of 19 disciplines among the ESI rankings, 2 of which reached the top 10 disciplines。
Table 4 Discipline distribution of World University (the Top 10 and partial top China Mainland Universities)
Rank
University
Country/
Region
Disciplines Indexed by ESI
Top 10 Disciplines
Number
Percentage
Number
Percentage
1
HARVARD UNIV
USA
22
100.00%
14
63.64%
2
STANFORD UNIV
USA
21
95。45%
10
47。62%
3
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV
USA
22
100.00%
4
18。18%
4
UNIV CALIF LOS ANGELES
USA
22
100.00%
7
31.82%
5
UNIV CALIF BERKELEY
USA
22
100.00%
11
50.00%
6
UNIV WASHINGTON
USA
22
100.00%
9
40.91%
7
UNIV OXFORD
UK
22
100.00%
5
22.73%
8
UNIV TOKYO
Japan
21
95。45%
5
23.81%
9
UNIV MICHIGAN
USA
22
100。00%
2
9.09%
10
MIT
USA
21
95.45%
8
38.10%
100
PEKING UNIV
China
15
68.18%
0
0.00%
109
TSING HUA UNIV
China
9
40.91%
2
22。22%
110
ZHEJIANG UNIV
China
13
59.09%
0
0。00%
158
SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIV
China
11
50.00%
0
0.00%
214
FUDAN UNIV
China
11
50.00%
0
0。00%
242
NANJING UNIV
China
8
36。36%
0
0。00%
279
UNIV SCI & TECHNOL CHINA
China
7
31。82%
0
0.00%
315
SUN YAT SEN UNIV
China
9
40.91%
0
0。00%
348
SHANDONG UNIV
China
5
22。73%
0
0.00%
353
SICHUAN UNIV
China
6
27.27%
0
0.00%

【Network of Science & Education Evaluation in China www.ndtjs.com
[发布者:qiuyu]
  相关阅读:  ·World University Ranking by Basic Indicator 2018  ·World University Ranking by Major Indicator 2018  ·World University Ranking by Discipline 2018  ·World-Class University Comprehensive Competitiveness Ranking(2018)  ·World University Ranking County/Region 2018

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